fact

There is no generalized opposition between the everyday and sociological uses of the term fact. Both suggest that any statement which is true can be described as a fact. For example, it is a fact that British law prohibits murder, that Russia possesses nuclear weapons, and that wealth in America is distributed unequally. However, there is a considerable social science literature on the relationship between facts and theories , or interpretations based on facts. It is for this reason that social science generalizations are often contested. Most sociologists would also accept that many of the most interesting social facts are theory impregnated; that is, they imply certain assumptions about what is significant in society, and how best to conceptualize this. Facts are also considered to be provisional-considered true until shown otherwise. The boundary between fact and assertion is also hard to draw-although many would argue that falsifiability provides a useful criterion for the social sciences.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • fact — n [Latin factum deed, real happening, something done, from neuter of factus, past participle of facere to do, make] 1: something that has actual existence: a matter of objective reality 2: any of the circumstances of a case that exist or are… …   Law dictionary

  • fact — W1S1 [fækt] n ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(true information)¦ 2 the fact (that) 3 in (actual) fact 4 the fact (of the matter) is 5 the fact remains 6¦(real events/not a story)¦ 7 facts and figures 8 the facts speak for themselves 9 after the fact ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • fact — [ fækt ] noun *** 1. ) count a piece of true information: They have simply attempted to state the facts. fact about: Here children can discover basic scientific facts about the world. fact of: He wrote an article explaining the main facts of the… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • fact — 1. The expression the fact that has long had an important function in enabling clauses to behave like nouns: • Some studies give attention to the fact that non smokers cannot avoid inhaling smoke when breathing smoky air G. Richardson, 1971 • The …   Modern English usage

  • Fact — (f[a^]kt), n. [L. factum, fr. facere to make or do. Cf. {Feat}, {Affair}, {Benefit}, {Defect}, {Fashion}, and { fy}.] 1. A doing, making, or preparing. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] A project for the fact and vending Of a new kind of fucus, paint for… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fact — [fakt] n. [L factum, that which is done, deed, fact, neut. pp. of facere, DO1] 1. a deed; act: now esp. in the sense of “a criminal deed” in the phrases after the fact and before the fact [an accessory after the fact] 2. a thing that has actually …   English World dictionary

  • FACT — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • fact — ► NOUN 1) a thing that is indisputably the case. 2) (facts) information used as evidence or as part of a report. ● before (or after) the fact Cf. ↑before the fact ● a fact of life Cf. ↑a …   English terms dictionary

  • Fact — 〈[ fæ̣kt] m. 6; umg.〉 Faktum, Tatsache ● das sind die Facts [engl.] * * * Fact [fækt ], der; s, s <meist Pl.> [engl. fact < lat. factum, ↑ 1Faktum]: Tatsache[nmaterial]. * * * FACT,   Abkürzung für Flanagan Aptitude …   Universal-Lexikon

  • FACT — may refer to:*Federation Against Copyright Theft *Federation of American Consumers and Travelers *FACT ( facilitates chromatin transcription ), a protein factor affecting eukaryotic cells *FACT centre (Foundation for Creative Arts Technology), a… …   Wikipedia

  • Fact — [fækt] der; s, s (meist Plur.) <aus gleichbed. engl. fact, dies aus lat. factum, vgl. ↑Faktum> Tatsache, Tatsachenmaterial …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

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